Elections 2013 Pakistan Essay In English

World | | Updated: May 12, 2013 22:17 IST

Barack Obama congratulates Pakistan on vote
President Barack Obama congratulated Pakistan Sunday on its parliamentary elections and said Washington was ready to work "as equal partners" with the government that emerges.
Results for 234 of 272 seats out, Nawaz Sharif's party has won 116. See all results here
Imran welcomes Pakistan vote but alleges rigging
Pakistani politician Imran Khan on Sunday welcomed the high turnout in the country's elections as a step forward for democracy, but said his party would submit a report on alleged vote-rigging.
Results for 227 of 272 seats in Pakistan have been declared. Nawaz Sharif's party has won 115 seats. See all results here
Results for 201 of 272 seats out, Nawaz Sharif's party wins 108, Imran Khan's party wins 24 and PPP wins 19 seats.
Results for 195 of 272 seats  are now out, Nawaz Sharif's party wins 103 seats. Imran Khan's party wins 24 and the PPP wins 19 seats.

Afghan President Hamid Karzai Sunday called on Sharif's incoming government to help negotiate an end to the Taliban insurgency that has ravaged his country since 2001. Pakistan has its own home-grown problem with the Islamist militants.

"We hope that the government paves the way for peace and brotherhood with Afghanistan and cooperates in fighting terrorism and sincerely rooting out terrorist sanctuaries," Karzai said.
Pakistan elections results at 1:30pm (Courtesy Express TV)

180 / 272

PML-N            97

PTI                  25

PPPP              19

MQM                9
Results for 177 of 272 seats in Pakistan are out. Nawaz Sharif's party wins 97 seats. Imran Khan's party is at second place with 25 seats.
PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif's daughter today said her father, who was set to become Pakistani premier for a third time, will not disappoint the  people and will "deliver".

Maryam Nawaz thanked the people of Pakistan and said, "Inshallah, her father wouldn't disappoint the people".

"The wise youth chose to side with PMLN who delivered and will deliver InshaAllah ! Well done! Let's together build a Roshan Pakistan !" Maryam tweeted on a microblogging website.
Photos that define Pakistan's landmark elections
Pakistan's Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif claimed victory following a historic election marred by violence on Saturday, a remarkable comeback for a leader once toppled in a military coup and sent into exile.
Results update:
Nawaz Sharif's Party - PML-N wins 95 seats. Imran Khan's party -PTI wins 23 seats.  Pakistan People's Party -PPP wins 18 seats.
Pakistan elections results at 12 noon
171 / 272
PML-N         95
PTI               22
PPP             18
MQM             8
JUI-F              4
PKMAP          2          
INDPs            13
OTHERS        7

Out of the 164 results announced (of 272 seats), Nawaz Sharif's party wins 93.
External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid today hoped that India will continue to have good relations with Pakistan if former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif comes to power after the general elections there.  "India welcomes whatever result that comes out of a democratic election. Our government has had relations with Nawaz Sharif. From Prime Minister's side also congratulations will be offered to him," Mr Khurshid said.

In the 2008 elections, the Asif Ali Zardari-led PPP secured 97 National Assembly seats. After getting 24 reserved seats for women and four reserved seats of minorities, the total number of seats for the PPP was 124 in a house of 340. The party formed a coalition government with the help of MQM, ANP and JUI-F.
Geo News reports that former Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani's two sons Ali Musa Gilani and Abdul Qadir Gilani, have lost in polls from their Multan constituencies. Abdul was kidnapped by suspected Taliban terrorists last week while he was campaigning.

In an embarrassing setback to Pakistan Peoples Party that ruled the country since 2008, former Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has lost the election.

Pakistan 2008 Election Results

PPP - 125 seats
PML-N - 92 seats
PML-Q - 50 seats
MQM - 24 seats
ANP - 12 seats
MMA (alliance of religious parties) - 8 seats
Small parties and Independents - 25 seats

Under his father’s leadership, the ruling PPP over the past five years was heavily criticized for not being able to address basic issues, such as worsening power cuts and a national energy crisis, as well as runaway inflation. Many blame policies of the PPP-led government for worsening corruption, the feeble national economy and a rise in extremism. Relations between Pakistan and India, particularly bilateral trade, saw significant improvement during its tenure.

The PPP-led coalition government became the first in Pakistan to have completed a full five-year term. But the compromises and alliances that the party made to retain power upset some party stalwarts and undermined its popularity. The party now is struggling to win over voters in the national polls, but it is still expected to dominate in its traditional power base in southern Sindh province.

Chaudhry Pervez Elahi

A central leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-i-Azam) or PML-Q, Chaudhry Pervez Elahi has served as the chief minister of Punjab province.

The PML-Q was founded in 2000 and enjoyed the support of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf after he took power in a coup in 1999. The party had a large presence in the National Assembly, in Punjab and in the Baluchistan provincial assembly after the 2008 elections. However, since Musharraf left office, the PML-Q has lost political clout and is no longer a rival to the other mainstream political parties. The party is currently headed by Senator Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, borther-in-law of Elahi, running for a National Assembly seat.

Maulana Fazlur Rehman

A religious scholar and political leader, Maulana Fazlur Rehman, 59, heads the Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam or JUI-F party that draws support from followers of the Deobandi school of Sunni Islam.

Rehman has been elected to Pakistani parliament four times since 1988. He is best known for espousing the imposition of Sharia or Islamic law in Pakistan, but has formed critical political alliances even with secular parties like the Pakistan Peoples Party to remain close to the ruling elite.

Rehman enjoyed close contacts with the Taliban when it took control in neighboring Afghanistan in late 1990s. Taliban members studied in some of the religious seminaries or madrassas run by JUI-F. His party joined the ruling coalition headed by Benazir Bhutto after her election in 1988. He also served as the parliament’s committee on foreign affairs chairmen in Bhutto’s second term as prime minister in early 1990s.

The JUI-F chief strongly opposed the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 and led major protest rallies across the country to condemn Pakistani rulers for becoming part of the war against the Taliban. However, in recent years he has distanced his party somewhat from the Taliban. In 2011, he narrowly survived back-to-back assassination attempts. Rehman is running for two National Assembly seats from northwestern Tank and Dera Ismail Khan regions.

Asfandyar Wali Khan

A well-known Pashtun politician, Asfandyar Wali Khan is the current president of the Awami National Party (ANP). The party formed a coalition government in northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and was a junior member of the PPP-led collation at the center. The ANP also remained part of the provincial government in southern Sindh province for most of the time.

Born in February 1949, Khan hails from a political family. He was also chairman of the National Assembly (lower house of parliament) committee on foreign affairs.

The ANP is viewed as a left-of-center, secular party that has championed policies based on Pasthun identity. Under his leadership, the secular ANP first supported peace talks with Pakistani Taliban extremists. After the peace talks failed, Khan supported major military offensives to uproot militant bases in and around his home province, which borders Afghanistan.

Militants in the region responded by killing more than 800 party workers over the past five years. Khan himself survived an assassination attempt in 2008. The violence has continued during this year’s campaign season, restricting ANP rallies to smaller, indoor gatherings.

Under the ANP leadership, the provincial administration in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was criticized for its inability to stimulate the economy and root out corruption. While the party has traditionally performed well in its northwest political strongholds, it is being challenged this year by the Tehreek-e-Insaf party of cricketer-turned politician Imran Khan.

Asfandyar Wali Khan is running for a National Assembly seat from his political stronghold, Charsada.

Munawar Hassan

Head of the right-wing political party, Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), Munawar Hassan, was born in 1941. He has led the party ever since winning intra-party polls in 2009. Hassan is considered by many as an ideological hardliner and briefly served as a parliamentarian in 1977 before the military dictator Ziaul Haq imposed martial law.

His party boycotted the 2008 elections and is staunchly against Pakistan’s alliance with Washington and participation in the war on terrorism. Hassan’s party opposes normal bilateral trade and travel links with rival India until they embark on serious talks regarding the disputed Kashmir region.

He is leading his party's campaign but is not running as a candidate.

Altaf Hussain

Founder and the chief of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement or MQM political party, Altaf Hussain has been living in London since 1992 and is not contesting in the upcoming elections. His party is a strong player in urban Sindh, including the provincial capital, Karachi. The ethnic-based MQM is mainly a regional force and claims to be a representative of the Urdu-speaking immigrants from India, mostly settled in urban centers of the southwestern Pakistani province.

Hussain, 60, remains an icon for thousands of MQM followers and office holders. The party is seen as a liberal and progressive force that was part of the governing coalition with the PPP in the provincial and national assemblies.

The MQM’s crucial support played an important role in helping the government complete its full five-year term for the first time in Pakistan’s troubled history. As usual, Hussain is spearheading the party’s election campaign through his speeches delivered from exile to MQM supporters.

The MQM has always dominated affairs in Karachi, the hub of Pakistan’s economy, but the party has been accused of using violent tactics to maintain its political hold. The rival ethnic Pashtun party, Awami National Party or ANP, has lately increased its influence in the city, posing a serious challenge to MQM’s power base. Analysts say their political struggle over Karachi has turned into a bloody turf war that is partly responsible for violence killing thousands of people in the city in recent years.

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