The industrial revolution began in the 1700’s in England and rapidly grew throughout the rest of Europe. It was supposed to change society for the better and improve life. There was a variety of new inventions and products that gave people a new way of getting things done. While some of these effects were positive, however, some turned out to be negative instead. At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, many hardships had to be overcome, causing great grief to most of the population. According to document 4, the population density of Great Britain increased greatly and more and slums were being developed all throughout the country. This is due to the increase in factories and jobs everywhere. This is a negative impact because too many people were occupying the land making it more crowed and harder to support them. Unsanitary and poor conditions in factories and homes came about due to the over populated towns and cities.
Although it is not shown in the document, injuries of the workman rarely happened before the industrial revolution, however eventually injuries began to occur often due to the unsafe conditions. The excerpt from document 3 explains how child labor was being used at the time and children were very sickly due to working at England’s factories. Children were forced to work in these factory conditions and many would come out unhealthy. The areas were also being polluted heavily, causing it to be difficult to breathe in. However, people needed the money and they were willing to go through anything just to earn it for their families. Anyone can easily recognize the negative aspects of such a dramatic event. However, if the revolution is viewed as a whole, the positive aspects will completely out-weigh the negative aspects.
Although there were a lot of negatives, the industrial revolution was still mainly a positive thing for Europe. In document 1, it shows the entire process of clothing being produced in the domestic system. The work looks very slow, complicated, and time consuming. When new inventions were made and factories were built, more can be produced in a day and more income is made this way as well. This is a positive impact because more women can get jobs in the factories and the work is easier as well as more efficient. They could produce cheap goods which could then be used to trade with other countries for much more desirable foreign items. The machinery improved their trade greatly, almost tripling it. Another positive effect that isn’t displayed through the documents is the development of a union.
It is a positive effect because it showed the strength of the people and also setting a lot of standards for the future. Another positive effect from the industrial revolution was the creation of a strong middle class. Before the revolution, most people were part of a poor labor, lower class while a few wealthy people made up the upper class and they had the most power. When factories started being used, more people were getting jobs and making money, improving their social status and giving them more rights and power. Europe went through major changes during their industrial revolution, some were good and some were bad. However, it did bring on a way of thinking and a new way of doing things that carved the way for many other civil actions to follow. Although, not all of the effects were positive, the industrial revolution was a very influential point in history.
The Industrial Revolution began in England in the late 1700. It had a wide range of negative and positive effects in which it affected the economic and social life on the people living in England. These outcomes have been interpreted by different views of people such as factory owners, the government, factory workers, and others who viewed the conditions of the industrial cities at the time. There were many positive and negative effects of the Industrial Revolution. According to an excerpt from William Cooper’s testimony before the Sadler Committee (an investigation group led by Michael Sadler on the conditions of the textile factories), the testimony described the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution. Cooper states “ We had one period of forty minutes in the sixteen hours. That was at noon.” This meant that Cooper, and other children working in the factories, receives little or no food at all. Lack of nutrition can cause improper bone growths and health problems such as stunted growth (when a person does not grow or weigh as much as he/she should). A factory worker’s diet usually consisted of high amounts of carbohydrates (carbohydrates gave the children energy to continue working for long periods of time, usually 14- 16 hours a day).
Cooper also states “ We had no time to go to day school.” This meant that the children were not educated and many could read, but not write. School was not important during this time period because many factory owners needed a huge amount of cheap labor. The textile factories allowed children to make money in order to support their family due to the higher living expenses of urbanization. (Many farmers were kicked out of their land to search for new jobs in which they settled in the city). According to an excerpt from the testimony of Joseph Hebergam to the Sadler Committee (an investigation group led by Michael Sadler on the conditions of the textile factories), the testimony described the negative effects of the Industrial revolution. Hebergam states “ I have damaged lungs. My leg muscles do not function properly and will not support the weight of my bones.” Many factory workers faced great health problems due to the working conditions that surrounded them. Factories consisted of dirty floors that were filled with dusts, rooms that had little or no windows for fresh air and received little or no sunlight, and dangerous machines worked by children.
Lack of sunlight caused depression, dust caused lung cancer, and long hours caused deformed growth abilities. Also, many children were injured by the machines. Due to the long hours of labor, children usually had lack of concentration in which their body parts would get caught between the machines. According to an excerpt from William Cooper’s testimony before the Sadler Committee in 1832 and an excerpt from the testimony of Joseph Hebergam to the Sadler Committee (an investigation group led by Michael Sadler on the conditions of the textile factories), the testimony described the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution. Textile factories were filled with children, running machines, and harsh labor conditions. Children had to work long hours (16- 18 hours) making 3-4 pence a day and received little nutrition in which it led to many health conditions such as lung disease, improper bone growth, and back problems (spines were bent rather then being up-straight). Meal were eaten one time a day and would consists of carbohydrates (a source of energy). Children also received no education in which many could no write but could only read simple phrases used in the factories (ex: work).
More of, many children died due to being cut by running machines such as scavenger, in which small aged children had to crawl under machines in motion to pick up fallen cotton in which it caused serious injuries. According to an excerpt from “The Working Man’s Companion” (describes cheap manufacturing and increased employment) by London Charles Knight , the author describes the positive effects of the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution led to faster and cheaper manufactures that were not available two or three centuries ago. Materials began to be mass produced and use throughout the world as Great Britain traded their products with other foreign countries. This also allowed people to travel ten times quicker (plane and ships), build houses better, produce clothes are cheaper, and acquire infinite number of domestic utensils (materials used in everyday life). Due to the Industrial Revolution,Great Britain became a dominate country in which is controlled many countries and gained wealth due to trade with other countries. This also led other countries to their own Industrial Revolution such as USA during the early 1800s to the late 1800s.
According to an excerpt from “The Philosophy of Manufactures” by Andrew Ure ( a Scottish doctor, scholar, chemist. and early business theorist), 1835, Ure described the positive effects of the Industrial Revolution. Ure points out the benefits of industrialization to a country as a whole such as greater productivity and overall increase in wealth. “ They seemed to be always cheerful and alert, taking pleasure in the light play of their muscles” states Ure. This meant that the children enjoyed their long hours of labor and also concluded that the children were better of working in the factories rather than staying at home. (many apartments during the Industrial Revolution were crowded, damp, and cold). Ure also ignored the working and living conditions of factory workers and believed that workers were better off under industrialization rather than to trying to live as farmers.
According to an excerpt from “The Philosophy of Manufactures” by Andrew Ure, 1835 and an excerpt from “The Working Man’s Companion”, the Industrial Revolution was described as a positive effect on the country, society, and the people. The Industrial Revolution allowed products to be produced quicker and brought at a cheaper price. People were able to buy things quicker, travel faster, build stronger architectural building and obtain infinite amounts of domestic utensils. Children during this time were active and cheerful in which they worked long hours. According to Ure, “ Its is moreover my firm conviction [opinion] that children would thrive better when employed in our modern factories.” This meant that children would be better of working then staying home because many houses were cold and damp. The working labor of the textile industries allowed the technology of mass productions of items such as chairs, cups, and spoons (which are all used in everything life).
In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution began in England in the late 1700. It had a wide range of negative and positive effects in which it affected the economic and social life on the people living in England. These outcomes have been interpreted by different views of people such as factory owners, the government, factory workers, and others who viewed the conditions of the industrial cities at the time. The Industrial revolution allowed products to be mass produced but caused a great grief in the working class during this time period. There were many positive and negative effects of the Industrial Revolution.